Most human trafficking victims are smuggled to China and that Myanmar citizens in China need to be careful as labour agreements between Myanmar and China are not signed yet, said Police Col. Min Naing from No.14 Anti-human trafficking task force (Monywa).
He, during a commemoration of anti-human trafficking day held in Monywa on September 13, said that trafficking cases occurs mostly through exploited migrant workers while other local kidnapping cases follow second.
“The victims are sent to China, Thailand and Malaysia. Most of them are smuggled to China. Our citizens cannot work in China like in Thailand as both countries haven’t signed labour recruitment agreement yet,” said the police colonel.
Most cases happened in Shan and Kachin states and Yangon, Mandalay and Ayeyawady regions. Sagaing region has two human trafficking cases in 2017 and 2018 respectively. Victims from human trafficking cases occurring in 2018 so far were smuggled to China, he said.
Up to 62.2 per cent of victims from human trafficking cases are smuggled to China. A total of 20 per cent of victims are caused in Myanmar and 14.5 per cent are sent to Thailand illegally. A total of 2.4 per cent of victims from human trafficking cases are targeted to Malaysia. Human trafficking routes are from Myanmar to China, Myanmar to Thailand, Myanmar to Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia through Thailand.
A total of 214 human trafficking cases happened in Myanmar from September 2017 to August 2018. The police arrested 564 smugglers: 162 males and 402 females, in related with trafficking cases. A total of 346 victims: 57 males and 289 females, were being smuggled.
Moreover 159 cases of forced marriage, 29 cases of forced prostitution, 23 cases of forced labour, two cases of surrogacy and one case of forced adoption are reported, according to anti-human trafficking authorities.