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Pathein
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Good Time To Visit: The Whole Year
Visited: 2343 Time

      The city's name is believed to derive from the Burmese word for "Parsi", Pathi, due to the large population of Arab and Indian traders. This is further supported by the fact that the Mon name for Pathein. The name was corrupted to Bassein during the British colonial period.
      An alternate theory holds that the city's name comes from the classical name of Pathein, Kusimanagara, a name used by ancient writings an the Kalyani inscriptions.Pathein itself is a corruption of Mon "Kuthen," which itself is a contraction of Kusimanagara. This is supported by the fact that the Portuguese call Pathein "Cosmim”.

      Lying at the western edge of the Ayeyarwady River delta, on the Pathein (Ngawan) River 118 miles (190 km) west of Yangon, Pathein is accessible to large vessels and despite its distance from the ocean, it is the most important delta port outside of Yangon. The city is also a terminus of a branch of the main railroad line which connects it to Hinthada, Letpadan and Yangon. In the 1990s, the road network along the Irrawaddy to Monya was improved.
      The coastline along the Bay of Bengal is surrounded by the Arakan Mountains. In the area is Inye Lake, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long and 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, which is known for its fishing. There is also an offshore reef, Diamond Island which is popular with bathers. Diamond Island is also noted as a turtle breeding ground.

      The city is a rice-milling and export centre. Aside from several rice mills, the town has numerous sawmills and umbrella workshops. The colorful handmade parasols made in Pathein are widely known throughout Burma. They are known locally as "Pathein Htee". Pathein is also known for its pottery and colorful hand-made baskets and buckets.
      The surrounding area of Pathein are employed in agriculture and cultivate sesames, groundnuts, jute,maize, pulses, tobacco, chilies etc.
      Pathein was once an ancient sea port and now a beautiful city. The sea has receded so Pathein no longer lies on its shores but instead on the banks of Pathein River. It is a charming centre of the network of river traffic that criss-crosses the delta. Pathein is very near to the Silver Beach and Chaung Thar.

      Capital city of Myanmar's delta region and gateway to Chaungtha and Ngwe Saung beach. Pathein is well known by its production of unique parasol locally called "Pathein Htee". Forty kilometers west of Pathein lies the beach resort of Chaungtha. Myanmar's latest beach resort Ngwe Saung has the longest shore 9 miles, bordered by tall, green palms. The long unspoilt beach of purest white sand and crystal clear blue water is one of the most beautiful spots in the world.
      Chaungtha is renowned for its fresh and reasonably priced seafood. A major attraction is a small pagoda built on a limestone boulder at the southern end of the beach. Nearby fishing villages and tidal mangrove forests are also popular amongst the tourists.

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